Brewing Recommendation: Filter Brew / Modern Espresso
Agricultural researchers across the world have always been working to maximise production yield while battling harmful factors like plant diseases, pest infestation (mainly coffee borer beetles), ease of sowing and harvesting, and climate adaptation.
In 1970s, Jimma Agricultural Research Centre (JARC) managed to developed two single varietals 74110 and 74112 to combat coffee berry disease in Ethiopia, and released them in 1979 once they were ready; these two varietals originated from a single "Mother Tree" in the Bishari village, Metu Province, Illubabor Zone.
Nevertheless, the general Ethiopian farmers have still largely cultivate "heirloom" coffees passed down from generations to generations, because it is easier and cheaper. It is not until recent specialty coffee movement that more and more producers started paying extra attention to details - in this case, the a controlled cultivation of delicious varietal.
On the Naming of the Coffee
At The Crackpots Coffee Roaster, we always try to help beginners and advanced drinkers alike to understand more about coffees. One of our efforts is to explain the various cryptic names of coffees which could be confusing.
Here’s a breakdown of this coffee:
Ethiopia, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, is a country in the Horn of Africa.
Ethiopia is said to be where all coffees come from, and coffee production in Ethiopia is a longstanding tradition which dates back dozens of centuries.
Guji is a zone in Oromia Region of Ethiopia, named after a tribe of the Oromo people.
Shakiso is a town in southern Ethiopia with a general elevation of 1758 meters above sea level.
Arabica varietal developed by JARC to battle coffee berry disease. "74" indicates the year 1974 when they select and catalogue the varietal.